Specific diseases and injuries

and the potential for stem cell cures and treatments

ALS (“Lou Gehrig's Disease”)

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating disease that progressively destroys nerve cells called motor neurons in the brain and the spinal cord, eventually causing paralysis and death. Baseball great Lou Gehrig first brought national attention to the disease in 1939 when he retired from baseball after being diagnosed with ALS. He died two years later, but ALS is still commonly referred to as “Lou Gehrig's disease.” Read More >


Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer's disease causes the gradual loss of brain cells, resulting in memory loss, disorientation and ultimately death.   The areas of the brain that control memory and thinking skills are affected first, but as the disease progresses, cells die in other regions of the brain. Eventually, a person with Alzheimer's will need complete care.  Read More >


Autism

Autism is a complex brain disorder that usually surfaces in the first three years of life.   Although symptoms vary, they typically include: difficulty interacting normally with others; difficulty in speaking and communicating; an obsessive attachment to routines and repetition; and, an extreme dislike of certain sounds, textures and tastes.   There is no known single cause for autism, but it is generally believed to be caused by abnormalities in brain structure or function. Read More >


Severe Burns

Severe burns are among the most painful injuries to recover from.   Although progress has been made in developing new treatments for burn victims, including new skin grafting and artificial skin technologies, scientists believe that stem cells could provide a new way to regenerate functional skin following burn injuries.  Read More >


Cancer

Cancer is basically out-of-control cell division and growth that destroys surrounding tissue and organs.   Cancer usually turns into a tumor.   But some forms, like leukemia, affect the blood and blood-forming organs and circulate through other tissues where they grow.   Cancer cells develop because of damage to the DNA in a person's cells.   This DNA damage can be inherited, or caused by exposure to something in the environment, like smoking or hazardous chemicals. Read More >


Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a chronic, progressive, frequently fatal disease that primarily affects the respiratory and digestive systems in children and young adults. It is one of the most common genetic (i.e., inherited) diseases in America and one of the most devastating. Read More >


Developmental Disabilities

Approximately 5 million American children and adolescents suffer from one or more developmental disabilities. These children represent the most tragically affected among the over 14 million young Americans who have struggled with one of a broad spectrum of debilitating and incurable neurological disorders at some time in their life. Read More >


Diabetes

Diabetes is a group of diseases characterized by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. Insulin is a cellular protein that regulates glucose levels in the blood. Read More >


Heart Disease (Cardiovascular diseases)

Many traumatic cardiovascular conditions, like a heart attack, damage portions of the heart, reducing its capacity to circulate blood throughout the body.   Strokes can cause partial paralysis and impair brain functions.   As a result, heart attack and stroke survivors face a diminished quality of life and long-term health problems. Other cardiovascular diseases also create serious short and long term problems for their victims.  Read More >


HIV/AIDS

HIV is a virus that targets and slowly weakens the immune system by infecting a certain type of white blood cell that is essential to the body's ability to fight infections and diseases.   As an HIV infection progresses, the body becomes increasingly susceptible to infections and cancers--especially cancers of the immune system called lymphomas.   AIDS is the last of several stages of HIV infection, and has many severe health problems associated with it.    Read More >


Lupus

Lupus is a lifelong autoimmune disorder that occurs when the body, for unknown reasons, becomes allergic to itself. Normally, immune cells protect the body against bacteria, viruses and other foreign invaders. After the onset of lupus, these same cells mistakenly attack the body’s own tissue and organs, including the joints, kidneys, heart, lungs, brain, blood and skin.    Read More >


Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, unpredictable neurological disease that affects the central nervous system - the brain, spinal cord and the optic nerves.   MS is believed to be an autoimmune disease which causes damage to the protective sheath surrounding nerve fibers, called myelin.   Damage to myelin interferes with messages between the brain and other parts of the body.    Read More >


Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a degenerative bone disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to break.   The name, which literally means "porous bone," reflects the fact that osteoporosis is characterized by a decrease in normal bone density due to the loss of calcium and collagen.   Over time, this loss of bone density causes bones to become brittle, and in turn, leads to frequent fractures and other serious health deficits.  Read More >


Parkinson's Disease

Parkinson's disease is a progressive disorder of the central nervous system. It occurs when a group of brain cells that produce a chemical called dopamine begin to malfunction and eventually die.   Dopamine is a neurotransmitter, or chemical messenger, that transports signals to the parts of the brain that control movement initiation and coordination.    Read More >


Pulmonary Fibrosis

Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) results from scarring of the lung, a process which gradually replaces the air sacs of the lungs with dense fibrotic tissue. This scarring thickens lung tissue and causes an irreversible loss of the lung’s ability to transfer oxygen into the bloodstream.  Read More >


Sickle Cell Disease

Sickle cell disease is an inherited genetic blood disease that can cause severe pain, damage to vital organs and death. It results from a defect in a protein (hemoglobin) that enables red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body. Normal red blood cells are flexible and disk shaped. People with sickle cell disease have red blood cells that become hard and pointed instead of soft and round.  Read More >


Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal cord injury resulting from accidents, gunshots or other traumas is a tragedy that affects people of all ages.   However, many victims tend to be young adults and most are male.   About 53% spinal cord injuries occur among persons in the 16 to 30 year age group.   Overall, 81% of all persons suffering form spinal cord injuries are male.  Read More >


Paid for by YES on 71: Coalition for Stem Cell Research and Cures, #1260661
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