Bruce's Beach, in the city of Manhattan Beach, was on a beach front property purchased by Will and Charles Bruce in 1912. They built a black-only beach resort with a bath house and dining house. The city closed down the resort in the 1920s by proposing to build a park and imposing eminent domain.
Mary Lee Franklin, winner of the Shrine Talent and Beauty Pageant in June 1959, rides in the back of a Chrysler New Yorker convertible that is driven by a member of the Shrine Egyptian Temple No. 5. A crowd of onlookers on the sidewalk suggests that the car is part of a parade. A sign on the car reads "Shrine Talent & / Beauty Pageant / Mary Franklin / Egyptian Temple No. 5 / Los Angeles, Calif."
Bessie Bruington Burke is recognized as the first black principal of a Los Angeles public school. She attended Los Angeles State Normal School (now part of UCLA) and earned her teaching credential in 1911. Her education was paid for by the Los Angeles Forum, a political and civic organization founded by African Americans in the early 20th century.
The University Singers of New Orleans was a group of jubilee singers. They toured on to raise funds for the La Teche Seminary and Colored Orphans' Home in Louisiana, under the management of Reverend Dr. and Mrs. William Davis Godman, a White clergyman who was ex-president of New Orleans University. Members of the group were: Tillie Jones and Lizzie Parker, sopranos; Cora Smith and Sarah Merritt, altos; Alexander Brown and Joseph Dupuy, bass; and Charles Ardis and George Dardis/Benn, tenor; and Sarah Merritt. In 1882 a group of the singers struck out on their own to sing independently, and the Godmans resigned from jubilee management.
Mary Ellen Pleasant was a very successful 19th-century African American entrepreneur, financier, real estate magnate and abolitionist. She was a "conductor” on the Underground Railroad and helped John Brown plan and finance his slave uprising.