Leaf  of the 1476 Italian translation of Pliny the Elder's Naturalis historia, the greatest encyclopedia of knowledge of the natural world in the classical era. An illustrated border (30-70 mm wide) has been added to the text on the recto of the leaf, painted in colors and gold for the original owner of the book, whose portrait medallion appears in center of upper panel. A large vignette of Pliny the geographer at his desk, holding a compass within the capital "E" at beginning of text. Panels on left and right contain a winter scene, with caption "Renovera," and a mandrake and crown, respectively. The lower panels feature drawings of putti, animals, and garlands of leaves, and flowers. Medallion in the center of lower panel contains arms of Arcangelo Spigliati of the Spigliati family of Florence, featuring a tower surmounted by two lions rampant (see A. Marquand, Giovanni della Robbia. Princeton: Princeton Univ., 1920, page 162). Capitals on verso of leaf have in alternating red and blue ink.
Vol. 1 Italy (s. IX-XI) Vol. 2 Italy (s. XII)Vol. 3 Italy (s. XIII) Vol. 4 Italy (s. XIV) Vol. 5 Italy (s. XV)Vol. 6 France (s. XI-XIII)Vol. 7 France (s. XIV-XV) Vol. 8 England & Spain Vol. 9 GermanyVol. 10 Greek & Hebrew