Manuscript No. 14: The Shield of Faith by Mik’ayēl Ch‘amch‘ian
- Manuscript No. 14: The Shield of Faith by Mik’ayēl Ch‘amch‘ian
- Uniform title
- Vahan Havatoy
- Armenian Manuscripts
The principle divisions, as they appear in the codex, are as follows:Fol. 1. Title page. (Fols. 1v-2v are blank.)Fols 3-4v. Introduction: Affirmation of the Orthodoxy of the Armenian Church.Fols. 4v-7. Chapter I: On the Council of Chalcedon.Fols. 7-9v. Chapter II: On the nature in Christ.Fols. 9v-11v. Chapter III: On the procession of the Holy Spirit.Fols. 11v-13v. Chapter V: On the recitation of "Holy God" with the addition "who were crucified for us."Fols. 13v-31. Chapter X: On the primacy of the Apostolic See of Rome. Fols. 31-37. Chapter IX: On extreme unction.Fols. 37-45v. Chapter VII: On diluting the Eucharistic wine. Fols. 45v-52. Chapter VIII: On conforming to the observance of church rules and commandments. (The scribe has erred in designating this as Chapter IV.)Fols. 52-54v. Chapter VI: On the feast of the Nativity of Christ.Fols. 54v-57v. Chapter IV: On the attitude toward life in the hereafter.Fol. 58. Blank.Fols. 59-60. Document concerning the original unabridged manuscript pf "The Shield of Faith" and the Inquisition's verdict exonerating Č’amčian from charges of heresy.Fols. 60-60v. Inscription dated 1824 written by deacon Pōłos Petrosian.Fol. 61 Inscription dated 1846 written by vardapet Isahak Ter Grigorian.Fol. 61v. Inscription dated 1852 written by the priest Martiros Ter Yovakimian. Fols. 62-65v. Blank.
The MS is a copy of the abridged version of "The Shield of Faith, Concerning the Orthodoxy of the Armenian Church" (Vahan havatoy ułłap῾aṙut῾ean Hayastaneayc῾ Yekełec῾voy), authored by the Venice Mekhitarist Father Mik῾ayēl Č’amčian (1738-1823). According to Ormanian, the original unabridged manuscript of this work, a copy of which he saw in the library of the Antonian Armenian Catholic monastic order at Constantinople, consisted of 924 handwritten pages (see Ormanian, 1816, Azgapatum, para. 2165). In this work, which was written during the years 1776-1816, Č’amčian endeavored to defend the "orthodoxy" of the Armenian church against Catholic Armenian charges that it had deviated from the truth. There were ten such charges, namely, that the Armenians: 1) reject the decisions of the Council of Chalcedon; 2)proclaim only one nature in Christ; 3)reject the procession of the Holy Spirit from the Father and the Son; 4) hold an erroneous position toward life in the hereafter; 5) recite "Holy God" with the addition of "who were crucified for us"; 6) celebrate Christmas on January 6; 7)do not dilute the Eucharistic wine; 8) do not conform to the observance of the Roman church'es rules and commandments; 9) reject extreme unction; 10) reject the primacy of the Roman see. Discussing each of these accusations, Č’amčian concludes that the charges are groundless and that "there is no justification for calling the Armenians deviationists or heretics; rather, they must be recognized as orthodox".
- The title page on fol. 1 indicates that the codex was written by the deacon Pōłos Petrosian Konstandnupōlsec῾i in February 1823 at the port city of Tuzla in Cyprus. A notice written in pencil on the inside of the back cover informs us that Dr. Minasian acquired the codex on May 28, 1956, from Mrs. Rosie Dionisian.The text of the abridged version of Č’amčian's "Shield of Faith" was published in Calcutta in 1873 by the priest Yovhannes Xačikian. The publication was based on the abridged version copied at Tuzla, Cyprus, in 1823.
- 65 fols.
- 18.5 X 11.5 cm.
- Binding note
- 19th century half-leather, dark brown, with blue and brown marbled paper over pasteboards. Paper pastedown. No endbands. Spine is divided into six panels by gold-tooled fillets, with an acorn stamp gold-tooled into each panel. Edges lightly sprinkled in red. Text paper is pale purple. Not a traditional Armenian binding. Embossed stamp in upper right corner throughout text reads: "J. WHATMAN [or WEATMAN?] 1941" around a crown.
- Condition note
- Very good state of preservation.
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- Rights statement
- public domain