Manuscript No. 20: Ritual Book, 15th/16th Century
- Manuscript No. 20: Ritual Book, 15th/16th Century
- Alternative title
- Date Created
- 15th/16th Century
- Armenian Manuscripts
- The codex is a copy of the Ritual Book (Mashtots’) of the Armenian Church. Its principle divisions are as follows:Fols. 1-5v [Canon of Baptism]. (Folios missing at the beginning.)Fols. 5v-14. Canon of the blessing of marriageFols. 14-18. Canon of the administration of Holy Communion.Fols. 18-46v. Canon of the burial of a child. (Lacunae between fols. 26 and 27, 36, and 37, 43 and 44.)Fols. 46v-53v. Canon for the commemoration of the dead.Fols. 53v-60v. Benediction of matagh’ (sacrificial animal offering).Fols. 60v-61. Canon of the blessing of the Paschal lamb.Fols. 61-63v. Canon of the desecrated church.Fols. 63v-66. Canon for the consecration of a new church door.Fols. 66v-67. Canon of the blessing of sacerdotal vestments. Fols. 67-67v. Canon of the blessing of chalice and paten.Fols. 67v-68. Canon of the blessing of a newly painted church.Fols. 68-68v. Canon of the blessing of incense. Fols. 68v-70v. Canon of the blessing of cereals.Fols. 70v-90. Canon of the blessing of water.Fols. 90v-115v. Canon of the Washing og the Feet on Maundy Thursday.Fols. 115v-118v. Canon of the consecration of a cross.Fols. 119-120. The blessing of grapes, composed by Catholicos Nersēs Sh’norhali.
- Paper, 120 folios. Text in bolorgir, written in one column of 16 lines. Folios 96v-120v, also in bolorgir, are written by a different hand. Subtitles are in red bolorgir. The first lines of individual texts are in magenta erkat’agir, and the second lines are in red bolorgir. Large red erkat’agir initials throughout the codex.Thirteen quires numbered with the letters of the Armenian alphabet, written in bolorgir in the lower margin of the page. Each quire appears to have had gatherings of 12 leaves.
- There are no colophons in the codex; hence its date of execution and provenance are unknown. The paleography and the style of the illustrations suggest that the book was probably written in the 15th or 16th century. There are notations, largely illegible, in the margins of folios 15v, 53v, 60v, and 120v; the last of these mentions the name of Mkrtichʻ Jughayets’i, who may once have owned the book.A notation on the inside front cover indicates that the MS was acquired by Dr. Minasian in 1946 from a priest named Yovakim Barsegh’ian.
- Illustrations note
- The illustrations in the codex consist of twenty marginal palmettes and corresponding decorative initials. These small illustrations are excellent examples of the impact of Cilician illustrations in Greater Armenia. The repertoire of motifs is familiar from the work of the Cilician-Armenian painter Sargis Picak: the Harpy (fol. 5v); symmetrical palmettes, purely vegetal or incorporating crosses (fols. 18 and 115v) or ewers (fols 70v and 90v); asymmetrical vegetal palmettes. Familiar, too, is the bright polychrome, applied surely over confident outlines. In this later incarnation, the rich Cilician palette is reduced to purple (used for the underlying drawing), red, blue, and green.
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- University of California, Los Angeles. Library Special Collections
- Copyright Status
- public domain
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