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“We need to reform the current system so that California has a stable legislature that is focused on solving the state's growing challenges rather than the next election. In the spirit of California’s original term limits law, the Term Limits and Legislative Reform Act prevents career politicians – even shortening the total time legislators may serve – while allowing each chamber to benefit fully from the expertise developed during a legislator’s early service.”

--Allan Zaremberg, President, California Chamber of Commerce
Research Studies and Findings on Reforming Legislative Term Limits PDF Print E-mail
Here are links to several significant academic studies on the impact of term limits on the effectiveness of state legislatures around the United States.

Public Policy Institute of California: Adapting to Term Limits: Recent Experiences and New Directions – by Bruce E. Cain and Thad Kousser

This PPIC report is the basis for the some of the reforms recommended in Proposition 93. Review for yourself the research and the process used to determine the basis for this important reform.

About PPIC: “The Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC) is a private nonprofit organization dedicated to informing and improving public policy in California through independent, objective, nonpartisan research.” (From )

Impact of Term Limits in Michigan

Michigan has the same form of term limits as California does, so the findings of this study are directly applicable to California’s situation. Check out the Term Limits Report Card on page 34 of the study. Michigan is currently working to reform their system of term limits.

First in the Nation: Term Limits and the Maine Legislature

Read about the impact of term limits on the state to first to have them implemented.
Nation Conference of State Legislatures: Joint Project on Term Limits – Term Limits Case Studies  

This is a collection of nine studies on the impact of term limits, including the ones listed above.

About NCSL: “The National Conference of State Legislatures is a bipartisan organization that … is an effective and respected advocate for the interests of state governments before Congress and federal agencies.” (From

California Constitution Revision Commission Recommends Term Limits Reform

In 1996, the California Constitution Revision Commission issued a report on potential changes to the state’s Constitution. Among the recommendations was a suggestion to reform term limits by allowing a legislator to serve all years of service in one house of the State Legislature. Similar reforms are contained in Proposition 93.

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Paid for by Yes on Prop. 93, a Coalition of Business, Labor, Teachers, Lawmakers, Public Safety and Assemblymembers de Leon, Núñez,
Bass and Lieu. CA Teachers Assn. Issues Political Action Committee, and CA State Council of Service Employees Issues Committee.
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